Dioscuri On Horseback (Part 2)

 

This close study of type TDHC (Tyche, Dioscuri, Horseback & Caps) has enabled me to establish four distinct variants which i now name groups 1-4.

Group 1 – with Greek letters indicating date / Tripolis (TΡIΠΩΛITWN) in exerque (reverse).

Group 2 – with Greek letters indicating date / Crucifix to the left of Tyche (obverse) and Tripolis (TΡIΠΩΛITWN) in exerque (reverse).

Group 3 – without date / Tripolis (TΡIΠΩΛITWN) in exerque (reverse).

Group 4 – without date / Tripolis (TΡIΠΩΛITWN) in right field (reverse).

George Francis split these coins into two different groups in his publication BMC Phoenicia, the first can be found on pg.200 no.1 and the second on pg.202 no.12-13.

George wrote the following attribution for coin no.1;    (This coin i have placed in group 4)

Obverse: Bust of Tyche right, wearing turreted crown, hair in chignon, two curls on neck; border of dots.

Reverse: The Dioscuri on horseback, charging right, around from above downwards right (reads) TΡIΠΩΛITWN.

And for the attributions of Coins 12-13;      (These coins i have placed in group 1)

Obverse: Bust of Tyche right, wearing turreted crown, veil, and earring; border of dots.

Reverse: The Dioscuri on horseback, wearing caps surmounted by stars, and chlamydes, riding side by side to right, below horses feet, (Triphylian era date), in exerque inscr. (TΡIΠΩΛITWN)

Lindgren and Kovacs wrote the following in their publication Lindgren I;   (This coin i have placed in group 3)

Obverse: Bust of Tyche, turreted and veiled right.

Reverse:  …ΠΩΛI…   Dioscuri on horseback, riding side by side right.

The group 2 coin has yet to be published, the only existing coin of this type that i am aware of can be found in BNF.

Has there is no description of this coin anywhere i will add my own attribution for informational purposes.

Obverse: Bust of Tyche right, wearing turreted crown, veil, cruciform in left field; border of dots.

Reverse: Dioscuri on horseback right, wearing caps, surmounted by stars ?, below horses feet, Triphylian era date ΓK (23) 83-82 B.C in left field, in exerque TΡIΠΩΛITWN.

I managed to find twenty coins in total from various sources showing all four types, the list and attached image below shows in more detail, type, era date and references.

Group 1; 

1    Paris, BNF  era date LΓ  (year 3) 103-102 B.C / (no.8, image below)

2    Paris, BNF  era date L∆ (year 4) 102-101 B.C / (no.7, image below)

3    BMC Phoenicia  era date LH (year 8) 98-97 B.C / Pg.202; Cat.no.12.

4    BMC Phoenicia  era date LH (year 8) 98-97 B.C / Pg.202; Cat.no.13; Pl.XXVI

5    Paris, BNF  era date LH (year 8) 98-97 B.C / (no.3, image below)

6    Paris, BNF  era date LH (year 8) 98-97 B.C / (no.9, image below)

7    Paris, BNF  era date LH (year 8) 98-97 B.C / (no.11, image below)

8  Paris, BNF  era date L∆I (year 14) 92-91 B.C / (no.12, image below)

9  For sale auction  era date L∆I (year 14) 92-91 B.C

10    Paris, BNF  era date LK (year 20) 86-85 B.C / (no.5, image below)

Group 2;

11  Paris, BNF  Crucifix behind  era date LΓK (year 23) 83-82 B.C / (no.10, image below)

Group 3;

12  Collection, Martin Rowe  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / (no.1, image below)

13  Fitzwilliam Museum, SNG  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / (no.2, image below)

14  Paris, BNF  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / (no.4, image below)

15  Paris, BNF  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C

16  Private collection  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C

17  HGC10,  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / Pg.85; Cat.no.310

18  Lindgren I,  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / Pg.124; Cat.no.2340

Group 4;

19  Paris, BNF  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / (no.6, image below)

20  BMC Phoenicia  no date (year 1-64) 105-41 B.C / Pg.200; Cat.no.1; Pl.XXVI

Feedback and comments are welcome !

Triphylian TDHC

By Coins Of The Southern Levant Posted in Tripolis

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